Fire inspection

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Fire inspections monitor the adaptation of regulations stated in the rescue act and in other provisions. They also give suggestions and instructions to improve safety. The objective is to prevent injuries towards people and damages to property and environment that can be caused by fires and accidents.

For every rescue department the rescue act determines a duty to control and supervise the regulations set for operators and owners of a property concerning fire safety. Identified deficiencies are demanded to be fixed and if necessary the supervision of completing the repairs. Serious and immediate danger deficiencies can lead to the shutting down of operations.

During a fire inspection a representative of the property should be present for ex. the owner, occupant or a person in charge of security affairs.

Fire inspections monitor that:

  • The buildings and its vicinity and other areas of the inspection are safe.
  • The owners and occupants of the property are prepared to prevent accidents or damages and provide civil protection.
  • The building and its surroundings fire safety is in accordance with the provisions stated in the planning permissions and given by rescue authorities.
  • The upkeep and inspections of automatic extinguishing and fire alarm systems are carried out according to the requirements set by legislatives and imposed by the authorities.

When conducting fire inspections the following issues are paid special attention:

  • The requirements of rescue operations.
  • The preparedness, training and safety culture of personnel.
  • The rescue plan and other safety instructions.
  • The requirements for a safe evacuation.
  • Prevention of arson.

Emergency roads

  • An emergency road is a drive way or other passage which are used by emergency vehicles to get as close as possible to a building and fire fighting water intakes in case of a fire or other emergencies. If the destination is located outside of the 10 minute operational readiness region of a rescue department’s aerial ladder, in that case the destinations escape route schemes should be negotiated separately with a rescue authority.
  • The owner, occupants and operators of the property have to take care that the rescue routes are kept accessible and without any obstacles in order to be used safely and efficiently. It should be remembered that the planting of trees or bushes on the rescue route is prohibited.
  • The accessibility of a rescue route is very important in case of evacuating apartment houses. A rescue route is required for every building that has more than 3 floors. Neglecting winter maintenance can endanger human lives. Lifting sites have to be arranged in order for aerial ladders to perform evacuations on exit compartments situated more than 3 floors up.
  • To ensure the usefulness of a rescue route it is important that the habitants and visitors are aware of the whereabouts of these routes. It is recommended that a safety guidance that indicates the rescue routes is installed in stairways.
Published 2012-03-02 15:39 , updated 2012-03-02 15:31

Topic:
  • Fire safety, 
  • Rescue services, 
  • Safety instructions, 
  • Public safety