Carry out your own fire inspection

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Do you know safety hazards in your home? You can significantly reduce the risk of fire and accidents by anticipating dangers.

For your home to be safe, take care of the following:

Kitchen and electrical devices

  • Clean the stove exhaust hood filter at least once a year.
  • Do not store any goods near or on the stove.
  • Vacuum the dust from the appliance regularly, also from the back of your refrigeration devices. Ensure adequate ventilation around the refrigerator.
  • Do not leave dishwasher or washing machine working overnight or when you are not at home.
  • Electric equipment should be intact, safe and used correctly. Remember to turn off the power and unplug appliances when not using them.

Sauna and fireplaces

  • Sauna/steam room should not be used to dry laundry or store things.
  • Sauna stove guardrail gives support and prevents falling to the stove.
  • There is enough distance from a sauna stove to flammable structures and materials.
  • Sweeper sweeps chimneys annually and in holiday homes every three years.

Safety-enhancing devices

  • You've tested and replaced batteries in a fire alarm system/smoke alarm. You have a required number of smoke alarms in your home!
  • You have first extinguishing equipment such as a fire blanket, a fire extinguisher or a stirrup pump.
  • Your house is equipped with safety features such as staircase balustrade, emergency escape windows and ladder, roof ladder and walkway, and as well as roof snow guards are in place.

Open fire and deliberate ignition

  • Never leave a candle burning unattended. Open fire should not be left unattended.  
  • Keep burning candles out of the reach of children and pets.
  • Do not store anything flammable, for example, prams or doormats in a stairwell. Do not adjust dustbins and sheds to a wall of a building.
  • Keep matches, lighters and other igniting devices out of children's reach.

Storages and storage of goods

  • Store flammable liquids, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and other hazardous substances in accordance with the regulations.
  • Do not store LPG in a basement. Inspect a pressure regulator and gas hose annually. LPG hose should be replaced at least every five years.
  • Keep solvents, paints, detergents and disinfectants, insecticides, medicines and toxic plants out of reach of children.
  • Store in a boiler room and garage only the things that belong there.

Home and leisure accident prevention

  • Accidents at your home and family can be prevented by using a safety gear such as reflectors, a helmet, safety belts, child car seat, weather-resistant footwear and similar equipments.
  • Carpets on the stairs and in humid areas can be slippery. Use carpets with anti-slip in such areas. 
  • Keep fire igniting tools and toxic substances where children cannot reach them.

Have sturdy ladders at your home. They will make it easy to pick up goods from upper shelves, to replace a lamp or a smoke alarm battery.

In the case of an accident

  • Make sure that important numbers, such as the emergency number, the poison information center number or the number of an on-duty doctor, are readily available.
  • You know where the main water shut-off valve and the main power switch are located at your home.
  • Make sure it is easy to find your building. The address sign of your building should be visible from a road at any time of the day or season. The address sign will guide the emergency and other services to your property.
  • You know how to put out a starting fire, and you have easy access to first extinguishing equipment.
  • You know how to administer first aid.
  • You know different escape routes from your home. You have also discussed them with other family members.
  • The home medicine cabinet has the required medication for everyday needs and occasional disturbances.
  • Your home emergency supply kit is in order (for example you have food and drink in case of supply disruptions).

Always dial 112 in an emergency

The emergency number operator will give you instructions and will dispatch necessary help for example fire brigade, ambulance or police.

Published 2019-02-20 14:29 , updated 2020-06-10 13:43

  • Accidents, 
  • Safety instructions, 
  • Public safety